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Quiz: How to localize pain

“Where does it hurt?” Test your knowledge of how to assess, localize and document pain


Localizing pain can guide treatment and transport decisions. It’s about asking more questions; digging deeper into the equation besides, “Where does it hurt?”


Localizing pain – pinpointing it, or narrowing-down its point of origin – may mean the difference between administering fentanyl versus ketamine, applying a cervical collar versus not, splinting a joint versus a bone, or even performing an eFAST examination of the patient’s belly with a portable ultrasound unit (which may be more of a tool-of-the-future for many). It’s about asking more questions; digging deeper into the equation besides, “Where does it hurt?”

Read the article: “Where does it hurt?” Assessment tips and terms to localize pain and guide your treatment plan, and take the quiz to test your knowledge.

Share this quiz to challenge your colleagues to beat your score.

Tim is the founder and CEO of Emergency Medical Solutions, LLC, an EMS training and consulting company that he developed in 2010. He has nearly two decades of experience in the emergency services industry, having worked as a career firefighter, paramedic and critical care paramedic in a variety of urban, suburban, rural and in-hospital environments. His background includes nearly a decade of company officer and chief officer level experience, in addition to training content delivery and program development spanning his entire career. He is experienced in EMS operations, community paramedicine, quality assurance, data management, training, special operations and administration disciplines, and holds credentials as both a supervising and managing paramedic officer.

Tim also has active experience as a columnist and content developer with over 200 published works and over 100 hours of education content available online, and is a social media influencer on LinkedIn within the EMS industry. Connect with him on LinkedIn or at