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Quick Take: Federal initiatives support every EMS system

Presenters from the NHTSA office of EMS discuss military medic to civilian EMS, development of evidence-based EMS guidelines, and ground ambulance crash data

The National Highway Transportation Safety Administration (NHTSA) has a historic and ongoing connection to EMS systems. The four NHTSA National EMS priorities are:

  1. Expand and monitor EMS capacity
  2. Improve emergency health outcomes
  3. Coordinate federal support of local, state, and tribal EMS systems
  4. Promote a prepared, coordinated, and healthy workforce

During a session at EMS Today in Baltimore, Md., staff from NHTSA discussed the role of the federal government in addressing those priorities as well as these issues:

  • Ease transition of separating military medics into civilian EMS careers
  • Identification and implementation of evidence-based guidelines
  • NHTSA investigation and reporting of ground ambulance

Separating military medics transitioning to civilian EMS

Military medics (68 Whiskey) are one of five military occupations that are the focus of a Whitehouse effort to increase employability of veterans. A NHTSA workgroup is working on this project pre- and post- separation for the nearly 10,000 medics that are separating from the military each year.

NHTSA is partnering with the National Association of State EMS Officials to increase standardization of state licensure requirements for veterans, provide a single source EMS credential information website for veterans, and develop curriculum for military medic to paramedic (MMTP) bridge education. Ten MMTP bridge programs are currently being tracked to understand the education being delivered.

“To get forward momentum we need important partnerships in military, federal government, state government, and non-governmental organizations.” — Gamunu “Gam” Wijetunge, NREMT-P, Office of EMS, NHTSA

Implementation of evidence-based guidelines in EMS

Evidence-based guidelines are an effort to use data and research to drive decision making and care in EMS. Evidence-based guidelines have been developed and published in the Prehospital Emergency Care journal. Those guidelines are:

  1. External hemorrhage control
  2. Pediatric prehospital seizure management using GRADE methodology
  3. Prehospital analgesia in trauma
  4. Air medical transportation of prehospital trauma patients

“We need evidence-based guidelines to improve patient care.” —Drew Dawson, Office of EMS Director, NHTSA

Learn more about the National Prehospital Evidence-Based Guidelines Model Process

NHTSA analysis of ground ambulance crashes

Mirinda Gormley, a public health fellow at NHTSA and volunteer paramedic, analyzed data from Fatality Analysis Reporting System to better understand ground ambulance crashes.

Between 1992-2011 there were an average of 4,500 motor vehicle traffic crashes per year involving an ambulance.Those damage, injuries, and fatalities from those crashes are distributed as follows:

  • 65 percent property damage only
  • 24 percent resulted in injury
  • <1 percent involved a fatality

The data set includes injury or fatality of anyone associated with the crash, in or out of the ambulance. The annual average is 33 fatalities. Those fatalities are most likely to be an occupant of the other vehicle (63 percent). Twenty-five percent of the fatalities are either the driver of the ambulance or another ambulance occupant.

“Most of the crashes are occurring in clear conditions, during the daylight hours, and on urban roadways. We should always be vigilant and seatbelted when driving an ambulance.” — Mirinda Gormley, MPH, NRP, Office of EMS, NHTSA

Learn more about the NHTSA investigation into ground ambulance crashes and view the presentation slides.

The NHTSA Special Crash Investigation team has included ambulances as a type of vehicle to investigate since the early 2000s. Criteria for an SCI include fatality or hospitalization of an ambulance occupant, failure of ambulance equipment, suspected malfunction, or other extenuating circumstances. SCI engineers have investigated 41 crashes and published 36 technical reports to-date.

For more information on the NHTSA Office of EMS

To learn more about the NHTSA Office of EMS and its national EMS priorities visit

Greg Friese, MS, NRP, is the Lexipol Editorial Director, leading the efforts of the editorial team on Police1, FireRescue1, Corrections1 and EMS1. Greg served as the EMS1 editor-in-chief for five years. He has a bachelor’s degree from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and a master’s degree from the University of Idaho. He is an educator, author, national registry paramedic since 2005, and a long-distance runner. Greg was a 2010 recipient of the EMS 10 Award for innovation. He is also a three-time Jesse H. Neal award winner, the most prestigious award in specialized journalism, and the 2018 and 2020 Eddie Award winner for best Column/Blog. Connect with Greg on Twitter or LinkedIn and submit an article idea or ask questions with this form.

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