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Diversity, equity and inclusion in U.S. EMS

Recent research focuses on how care delivery may differ based on a patient’s ethnicity and race.

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This episode of EMS One-Stop with Rob Lawrence is brought to you by Lexipol, the experts in policy, training, wellness support and grants assistance for first responders and government leaders. To learn more, visit

This edition of EMS One-Stop looks at diversity, equity and inclusion in U.S. EMS. This episode takes a deep dive into two academic research papers recently published by members of NAEMSP’s Diversity Equity and Inclusion Committee who focus on the delivery of care and how that care may differ based on a patient’s ethnicity and race.

Host Rob Lawrence welcomes:

  • Dr. Anjni Joiner, assistant professor of emergency medicine at Duke University School of Medicine, and medical director for Durham County EMS
  • Dr. Ameera Haamid, assistant professor of emergency medicine at the University of Chicago and associate medical director for Chicago South EMS
  • Dr. Andra Farcas, emergency physician at the University of Colorado - Anschutz Medical Campus
  • Dr. Jordan Rudman, emergency medicine resident at the Harvard Emergency Medical Residency at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

The two research papers discussed are available at:


Read more:

Racial disparities in EMS

Are we providing the same high-quality EMS treatments to all of our patients?

Rob Lawrence has been a leader in civilian and military EMS for over a quarter of a century. He is currently the director of strategic implementation for PRO EMS and its educational arm, Prodigy EMS, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, and part-time executive director of the California Ambulance Association.

He previously served as the chief operating officer of the Richmond Ambulance Authority (Virginia), which won both state and national EMS Agency of the Year awards during his 10-year tenure. Additionally, he served as COO for Paramedics Plus in Alameda County, California.

Prior to emigrating to the U.S. in 2008, Rob served as the COO for the East of England Ambulance Service in Suffolk County, England, and as the executive director of operations and service development for the East Anglian Ambulance NHS Trust. Rob is a former Army officer and graduate of the UK’s Royal Military Academy Sandhurst and served worldwide in a 20-year military career encompassing many prehospital and evacuation leadership roles.

Rob is a board member of the Academy of International Mobile Healthcare Integration (AIMHI) as well as chair of the American Ambulance Association’s State Association Forum. He writes and podcasts for EMS1 and is a member of the EMS1 Editorial Advisory Board. Connect with him on Twitter.