Recognizing the signs of a stroke
With a serious mortality rate in patients suffering from stroke, it is important for first responders to stay current on stroke assessment and treatment. The Cincinnati Stroke Scale is a tried-and-true system used to diagnose the presence of a stroke in a patient. It tests for abnormal results in three sign areas. If any one of the three tests shows abnormal results, the patient may be having a stroke.
Facial droop: Have the person smile or show his or her teeth. If one side doesn't move as well as the other so it seems to droop, that could be sign of a stroke.
- Normal: Both sides of face move equally
Abnormal: One side of face does not move as well as the other (or at all)
Arm drift: Have the person close his or her eyes and hold his or her arms straight out in front for about 10 seconds. If one arm does not move, or one arm winds up drifting down more than the other, that could be a sign of a stroke.
- Normal: Both arms move equally or not at all
Abnormal: One arm does not move, or one arm drifts down compared with the other side
Speech: Have the person say, "You can't teach an old dog new tricks," or some other simple, familiar saying. If the person slurs the words, gets some words wrong, or is unable to speak, that could be sign of stroke.
- Normal: Patient uses correct words with no slurring
Abnormal: Slurred or inappropriate words or mute
- Video Example: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sADAJrEvzfc
- PDF Reference Sheet: http://www.strokecenter.org/trials/scales/cincinnati.pdf
- American Heart Association: Adult Stroke
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